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Switzerland vs Austria live free 11.10.2023


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The franc's strength has made Swiss exports less competitive and weakened the country's growth outlook; GDP growth fell below 2% per year from 2011 through 2017. In recent years, Switzerland has responded to increasing pressure from neighboring countries and trading partners to reform its banking secrecy laws, by agreeing to conform to OECD regulations on administrative assistance in tax matters, including tax evasion. ) Agriculture - productsmilk, sugar beet, wheat, potatoes, pork, barley, apples, maize, beef, grapesmilk, maize, sugar beet, wheat, barley, potatoes, pork, triticale, grapes, apples Exports$443. 997 billion (2019 est. )$444. 605 billion (2018 est. )$430. 129 billion (2017 est. )note: trade data exclude trade with Switzerland$270. 888 billion (2019 est. )$263. 145 billion (2018 est. C. Celtic place name, possibly "berna" meaning "cleft, " that was subsequently adopted by a Roman settlement name: Viennageographic coordinates: 48 12 N, 16 22 Etime difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in Octoberetymology: the origin of the name is disputed but may derive from earlier settlements of the area; a Celtic town of Vedunia, established about 500 B. C., came under Roman dominance around 15 B. and became known as Vindobona; archeological remains of the latter survive at many sites in the center of Vienna Administrative divisions26 cantons (cantons, singular - canton in French; cantoni, singular - cantone in Italian; Kantone, singular - Kanton in German); Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Berne/Bern, Fribourg/Freiburg, Geneve (Geneva), Glarus, Graubuenden/Grigioni/Grischun, Jura, Luzern, Neuchatel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sankt Gallen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais/Wallis, Vaud, Zug, Zuerichnote: 6 of the cantons - Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Nidwalden, Obwalden - are referred to as half cantons because they elect only one member (instead of two) to the Council of States and, in popular referendums where a majority of popular votes and a majority of cantonal votes are required, these 6 cantons only have a half vote9 states (Bundeslaender, singular - Bundesland); Burgenland, Kaernten (Carinthia), Niederoesterreich (Lower Austria), Oberoesterreich (Upper Austria), Salzburg, Steiermark (Styria), Tirol (Tyrol), Vorarlberg, Wien (Vienna) Independence1 August 1291 (founding of the Swiss Confederation)no official date of independence: 976 (Margravate of Austria established); 17 September 1156 (Duchy of Austria founded); 6 January 1453 (Archduchy of Austria acknowledged); 11 August 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed); 30 March 1867 (Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy established); 12 November 1918 (First Republic proclaimed); 27 April 1945 (Second Republic proclaimed) National holidayFounding of the Swiss Confederation in 1291; note - since 1 August 1891 celebrated as Swiss National DayNational Day (commemorates passage of the law on permanent neutrality), 26 October (1955) Constitutionhistory: previous 1848, 1874; latest adopted by referendum 18 April 1999, effective 1 January 2000amendments: proposed by the two houses of the Federal Assembly or by petition of at least one hundred thousand voters (called the "federal popular initiative"); passage of proposals requires majority vote in a referendum; following drafting of an amendment by the Assembly, its passage requires approval by majority vote in a referendum and approval by the majority of cantons; amended many times, last in 2018history: several previous; latest adopted 1 October 1920, revised 1929, replaced May 1934, replaced by German Weimar constitution in 1938 following German annexation, reinstated 1 May 1945amendments: proposed through laws designated "constitutional laws" or through the constitutional process if the amendment is part of another law; approval required by at least a two-thirds majority vote by the National Assembly and the presence of one half of the members; a referendum is required only if requested by one third of the National Council or Federal Council membership; passage by referendum requires absolute majority vote; amended many times, last in 2020 Legal systemcivil law system; judicial review of legislative acts, except for federal decrees of a general obligatory charactercivil law system; judicial review of legislative acts by the Constitutional Court Suffrage18 years of age; universal16 years of age; universal Executive branchchief of state: President of the Swiss Confederation Guy PARMELIN (since 1 January 2021); Vice President Ignazio CASSIS (since 1 January 2021); note - the Federal Council, which is comprised of 7 federal councillors, constitutes the federal government of Switzerland; council members rotate the 1-year term of federal presidenthead of government: President of the Swiss Confederation Guy PARMELIN (since 1 January 2021; Vice President Ignazio CASSIS (since 1 January 2021)cabinet: Federal Council or Bundesrat (in German), Conseil Federal (in French), Consiglio Federale (in Italian) indirectly elected by the Federal Assembly for a 4-year termelections/appointments: president and vice president elected by the Federal Assembly from among members of the Federal Council for a 1-year, non-consecutive term; election last held on 11 December 2019 (next to be held in December 2020)election results: Guy PARMELIN elected president; Federal Assembly vote - 192 of 205; Ignazio CASSIS elected vice president; Federal Assembly vote - 162 of 199chief of state: President Alexander VAN DER BELLEN (since 26 January 2017)head of government: Sebastian KURZ elected chancellor (since 2 January 2020)cabinet: Council of Ministers chosen by the president on the advice of the chancellorelections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 6-year term (eligible for a second term); elections last held on 24 April 2016 (first round), 22 May 2016 (second round, which was annulled), and 4 December 2016 (second round re-vote) (next election to be held in April 2022); chancellor appointed by the president but determined by the majority coalition parties in the Federal Assembly; vice chancellor appointed by the president on the advice of the chancellorelection results: Alexander VAN DER BELLEN elected in second round; percent of vote in first round - Norbert HOFER (FPOe) 35. 34), and loans (AF. 4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; as a percentage of GDP, the GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product in current year prices Reserves of foreign exchange and gold$811. 2 billion (31 December 2017 est. 34% (male 664, 255/female 625, 252)15-24 years: 10. 39% (male 446, 196/female 426, 708)25-54 years: 42. 05% (male 1, 768, 245/female 1, 765, 941)55-64 years: 13. 48% (male 569, 717/female 563, 482)65 years and over: 18. 73% (male 699, 750/female 874, 448) (2020 est. )0-14 years: 14. 01% (male 635, 803/female 605, 065)15-24 years: 10. 36% (male 466, 921/female 451, 248)25-54 years: 41. 35% (male 1, 831, 704/female 1, 831, 669)55-64 years: 14. 41% (male 635, 342/female 641, 389)65 years and over: 19. 87% (male 768, 687/female 991, 621) (2020 est. ) Median agetotal: 42. 7 yearsmale: 41. )$679. 3 billion (31 December 2016 est. )$21. 57 billion (31 December 2017 est. )$23. 36 billion (31 December 2016 est. ) Current Account Balance$79. 937 billion (2019 est. )$63. 273 billion (2018 est. )$12. 667 billion (2019 est. )$5. 989 billion (2018 est. ) GDP (official exchange rate)$731. 502 billion (2019 est. )$445. 025 billion (2019 est. ) Credit ratingsFitch rating: AAA (2000)Moody's rating: Aaa (1982)Standard & Poors rating: AAA (1988)Fitch rating: AA+ (2015)Moody's rating: Aa1 (2016)Standard & Poors rating: AA+ (2012) Ease of Doing Business Index scoresOverall score: 76. Austrian and Italian Alps - Rick Steves Europe 25:03It stands alone, offering a view of hundreds of peaks in Germany, Austria, Italy, and even Switzerland. While the autobahn in Germany and Austria is toll-free ...Rick Steves Europe · Rick Steves' Europe · Oct 24, 2020


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